*Overview of primitive equations and regional model structure*

Pielke: Chapter 2

** **

*Primitive equations: Conservation of energy*

Pielke: Chapter 2

*Primitive equations: Conservation of energy and momentum*

Pielke: Chapter 2

** **

*Primitive equations: Conservation of momentum and water, tensor notation, definitions of meteorological scales*

Pielke: Chapters 2 and 3

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*Simplification of basic equations: Continuity*

Pielke: Chapter 3

** **

*Simplification of basic equations: Momentum*

Pielke: Chapter 3

** **

*Averaging the conservation relations: Reynold’s averaging and Boussinesq approximation*

Pielke: Chapter 4

** **

*Averaging the conservation relations: Flux form of primitive equations, Poisson equations for diagnostic relationships. Physical and analytic modeling*

Pielke: Chapters 4 and 5

** **

*Physical and Analytic Modeling*

Pielke: Chapter 5

Weather in a Tank (BAMS article) and Link to Experiments

White et al. (1995) paper on spherical coordinate transformation

* Shallow water gravity waves and tank model equations*

Pielke, Chapter 5

*Defant model, introduction to methods of solution
*

Martin and Pielke (1983) paper on Defant model

Pielke, Chapter 5

** **

*Methods of solution: advection*

Pielke, Chapter 10

** **

*Methods of solution: advection (continued)*

Pielke, Chapter 10 and Fovell notes, Chapter 4

*Methods of solution: advection (continued)*

Pielke, Chapter 10 and Fovell notes, Chapter 5

** **

*Methods of solution: diffusion, Coriolis force, pressure gradient force*

Pielke, Chapter 10

** **

*Time splitting, aliasing*

Pielke, Chapter 10 and Fovell notes Chapters 3 and 7

*Initial and boundary conditions*

Pielke, Chapter 11

Fox-Rabinovitz et al. (1997) paper on stretched grid

Kasahara paper on vertical coordinate systems

** **

*Initial and boundary conditions (continued)*

Davies (1976) paper on lateral boundary forcing

von Storch et al. (2000) paper on spectral nudging

** **

*Data assimilation primer, surface layer parameterization*

Pielke, Chapter 7 and Stensrud, Chapter 2

** **

*Surface layer parameterization (continued)*

Pielke, Chapter 7 and Stensrud, Chapter 2

** **

*Boundary layer parameterization*

Pielke, Chapter 7 and Stensrud, Chapter 5

** **

*Convective parameterization*

Stensrud, Chapter 6

Original Kain-Fritsch description

Kain and Baldwin NCAR presentation (1)

Kain and Baldwin NCAR presentation (2)

** **

See previous lecture notes and readings

*Convective parameterization (continued)*

** **

*Cloud microphysical parameterization*

Stensrud, Chapter 7

** **

*Land Surface parameterization*

Stensrud, Chapter 3, and Pielke, Chapter 11

*Radiation parameterization*

Stensrud, Chapter 8 and Pielke, Chapter 8